In the recent decade, delivery through c-section is rising. This is due to demographic changes and shifts in maternal health may which leads to rise in use of c- section. Other reasons for increased c-section are increased obesity, diabetes, multiple birth to increased age. Birth and the actions surrounding it—medical and otherwise—evoke strong emotions. The discussion is often framed ideologically as a matter of nature versus technology and which side knows best, or in stark political and economic terms as a contest of power and money. The issue of C-sections, in particular, is much contested.

It’s useful to see cesareans’ ascendance as a result of the ways doctors, patients, and hospitals perceive and react to risk—and of how medicine has developed in this context. Understanding such interactive reasons, and responding thoughtfully to them, experts say, could help reduce the procedure’s use.

IN 1985, amid increasing disparity among nations in the number of cesarean births, the World Health Organization (WHO) set out to determine an optimal rate. After reviewing the percentage of pregnancies with complications best resolved by C-section, WHO announced that a cesarean rate of 15 percent was ideal—about one-half the current U.S. rate. The 15 percent rate, WHO reasoned, would optimally prevent childbirth injuries and deaths, but many women and babies would avoid unnecessary and potentially harmful surgery. WHO has since modified this specific recommendation, stating in 2009 that “the optimum rate is unknown,” but that “both very low and very high rates of cesarean section can be dangerous.”
What is Caesarean section?

It is the process of delivering a baby. A surgical slit is made c-section birthin mother’s  abdomen and uterus. It is also called c-section. This operation takes 40-50 minutes. It is performed under spinal anaesthetic where the lower part of the body is numbed. Sometimes, it is also performed under general anaesthetic.

When a c-section is required?

It is performed because of two reasons –

  1. When a vaginal delivery would put the mother’s and baby’s life at risk like:
    • Your labour doesn’t progress
    • You have had two or more c-sections
    • Your baby is not in the right position
    • Early pregnancy complications
    • Reduced oxygen supply to baby
    • Problem in umbilical cords
    • The baby is coming out feet or shoulder first
  2. When someone desires to do so, primarily avoiding the labour pain.

What are the risks associated with c-section?

Risk for the mom:

  • Infection in the uterus
  • Infection in the pelvic organs like bladder
  • Excess bleeding
  • Reaction to medications
  • Increased blood loss
  • Blood clots
  • Increased risk for future pregnancies
  • Surgical injury to other organs

Risk for the child:

  • Premature birth
  • Breathing problems
  • Fetal injury

What are the things to avoid after c-section?

  • Avoid Frequent use of stairs
  • Avoid sex for 4 to 6 weeks
  • Don’t exercise
  • Don’t lift heavy things
  • Don’t use public pools
  • Don’t use hot tubs
  • Use correct posture so that it doesn’t hurts your abdomen
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Take medicines as prescribed

Consult your doctor if you suffer from following symptoms-

  • Fever
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Feeling of depression
  • Pain in breast
  • Pain in urination
  • Foul smell while vaginal discharge
  • Difficulty breathing or pain in chest while breathing
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