The term trimester is common in pregnancy. For sake of simplicity the baby’s growth can be categorised into these durations of nearly 3 months each; wherein there are different stages of fetal growth, different dietary and medical requirements for the mother and also different types of screening tests done to determine the fetal health. Normally, pregnancy is considered for 37 to 42 weeks. These weeks are very crucial for birth mother. Mother should go through different tests during each trimester. Some tests are routine and some are optional. MotherBee is guiding you to tests trimester by trimester.

Tests during First trimester-

  • blood testBlood Test: Blood test is screened in your first prenatal visit. This test determine your hemoglobin in red blood cells, blood type, rh factor, hepatitis B, antibodies and chickenpox.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease: This test is screened for HIV, which is cause of AIDS. In this test gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis are also tested. Gonorrhea and chlamydia is cause for  preterm delivery or eye infections in the baby. While syphilis can cause miscarriage or stillbirth.
  • Pap Smear: This test is screened for check precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix. This test is effective and widely used method for detection cancer.
  • blood-pressureBlood Pressure: High blood pressure can put you at risk. This test tells how well your pregnancy is going.
  • Urine Test: This test includes the screening of sugar, proteins, ketones, blood cells or bacteria. It results sugar level, amount of protein, ingested fat for energy and Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound is screened around 7-9 weeks, is used to determine the age, rate of growth, position, and heart rate of your baby.

Tests during Second trimester-

  • Urine Test: As in the first trimester, same procedure is amminocentesisperformed in the second trimester.
  • Amniocentesis: This test is screened for chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections. This test is done when a birth mother is between 14 and 16 weeks pregnant.
  • Multiple marker screening: In this screening, patient’s high-risk or low-risk for chromosomal abnormalities and neural tube defects is determine.
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone: Pregnancy on the thyroid gland, which produces hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) that are critical to the healthy development of a fetus. This test is screened to monitor a woman’s thyroid function throughout her pregnancy.

Tests during Third trimester-

  • nonstressGroup B Streptococcus Test: Group B Streptococcus infection is very dangerous, it can cause serial illness or sudden death.  

  • Nonstress Test:
    It is a test to check baby’s health. In this test baby’s movement, heartbeat and contractions are screened.
  • Ultrasound: This test is screened to verify the expected date of delivery, detect uterus.
  • Contraction Stress Test: This test measures the baby’s heart rate during uterine contractions. Another name of this test is stress test or an oxytocin challenge test.
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